phytochemicals Phytochemicals

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Taraxacum officinale

What is dandelion?

Dandelion is a perennial herb belonging to the Composite family. The shiny dandelion leaves are markedly toothed. The dandelion leaves are formed so that the rain falling on it will be conducted to the roots of the plant. The yellow flowers are formed on purplish stalks which rise straight from the root. The dandelion stalks are smooth an hollow. The dandelion flower consists of many bright yellow florets.
When the dandelion flower ripens it form the typical seeds with a hairy parachute.

Parts used

All parts of the dandelion plant can be used: the flowers, leaves and roots.


These are typical phytochemicals found in dandelion: the main phytochemicals of dandelion are sesquiterpene lactones, taraxacin, taraxasterol, .

Benefits of dandelion

Dandelion is used as diuretic and tonic. The diuretic properties of dandelion are well known. The Frech word for dandelion is pisenlit which literally means pissing in bed. Dandelion improves the appetite and will stimulate the stomach, liver and gal bladder.
Dandelion is a stimulant to the immune system and is used to treat kidney and liver disorders.
Externally dandelion is used to treat skin disorders, including eczema.

Other facts

The name dandelion is a corruption of the French words dent de lion, meaning lion?s tooth, referring to the sharp dandelion leaves. The name taraxacum is derived from the Greek words taraxos and akos, meaning disorder and remedy.
Dandelions originate from Eurasia, but can now be found in all continents.
When damaged, all parts of the dandelion plant will release a milky juice. This juice has a bitter taste and will stain your hands. Dandelion flowers give plenty of honey when the blooming of most fruit trees is nearly over.
The young dandelion leaves can be eaten as a salad. Dandelion salad is very popular in France and Switzerland. The full-grown leaves are too bitter to be eaten. The dandelion flowers are also eatable and can be used to decorate dishes. They have a rather sweet and neutral taste.
The roasted dandelion roots are used as a coffee substitute.

Other names

Blow ball, lion's tooth, pissabed, blow ball, telltime

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