phytochemicals Phytochemicals

More plants with phytochemicals



Vaccinium myrtillus

What is bilberry?

Bilberry is a small branched shrub which a height of up to 80 cm. The bilberry leaves are small, leathery and toothed. The small white bell-shaped flowers bear the well known purplish berries in autumns. The bilberries are round with a flat top.

Parts used

Mainly the ripe berries are used, either fresh or dried. Also the bilberry leaves are used.


These are typical phytochemicals found in bilberry: the tart taste and dark blue colour already tell that bilberries are rich in phytochemicals. the main phytochemicals are catechol tannins and proanthocyanidins. following phytochemicals can also be found in blueberries: asperuloside, monotropein, flavonoids, anthocyanins.

Benefits of bilberry

Bilberries are astringent. They can be used against diarrhoea and dysentery. Traditionally bilberries can also be used to treat urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
Bilberries have antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Tea made from dried bilberry leaves are traditionally used to treat ulcers on the skin, mouth and throat. This tea is also used to treat diabetes, arthritis and gout. Blueberries reduce the glucose and lipid levels in the blood.
Antioxidants of bilberry protect our eyes, prevents development of cataracts and improve night vision.
Bilberry improves permeability of the capillaries and increases blood circulation. Bilberry can be helpful for people suffering from haemorrhoids and varicose veins.

Other facts

Bilberry originates from the colder parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Bilberry it is famed for its jam and as a filling for pies. Bilberries have a slightly acid taste.

Other names

Blueberry, bleaberry, whortleberry, huckleberry, airelle

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